Sitemap | Policies | Feedback    
 About the Journal
Editorial Board
Journal Subscription
Instructions for Authors
E-mail Alerts
Forthcoming Events
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
Article Options
Printer Friendly Version
Search Pubmed for
Search Google Scholar for
Article Statistics
Bookmark and Share
Small bowel stricture following blunt abdominal trauma
Shailendra Lalwani, Manoj Gupta, Vibha Varma, Naimish Mehta, Vinay Kumaran, Samiran Nundy
Department of Surgical
Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation,
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital,
New Delhi – 110060, India

Corresponding Author
: Dr. Shailendra Lalwani


Background/Aim: Late presentation of small bowel strictures following blunt abdominal trauma is rather uncommon and there have been few previous reports of its occurrence. Most patients with blunt abdominal trauma without perforation or major bleeding are managed conservatively, making the diagnosis of less conspicuous intestinal injuries difficult.

Methods: We reviewed our prospectively maintained surgical records over a period of 12 years and found that 8 patients developed small bowel obstruction subsequent to a history of blunt trauma abdomen which had been initially managed conservatively.

Results: A total of 7 males and 1 female with a mean age of 37 (range 23 - 48) years were examined in this study. The most common presentation was pain and vomiting with abdominal distension, noted in 5 patients; but three patients presented only with abdominal pain. The strictures were solitary in all cases, with the most common site being the terminal ileum. The average interval between the trauma and presentation of small bowel obstruction was 138 (range 7 to 550) days. Barium meal studies and computerized tomography were used to establish the diagnosis and laparotomy with resection of the involved bowel was curative. There was no mortality.

Conclusions: Post traumatic small bowel obstruction should be kept in the differential diagnosis of patients who presented with abdominal pain, sometimes without distension and vomiting, and who have a history of blunt trauma abdomen.